Horse Census

In 1988 the Idaho Horse Council commissioned the University of Idaho to conduct and publish a horse census and economic impact statement. The I.H.C. has made a commitment to update the equine census every five years.

2010 Survey

A 2010 study to determine the size of the equine industry in Idaho was conducted by the Social Science Research Unit at the University of Idaho and funded by the Idaho Horse Council and the Idaho Horse Board.

Idaho Equine Facts 2010

Equine in Idaho Census Report


  • Idaho has an estimated 210,000 equine, including riding horses, draft horses, ponies, miniature horses, donkey, mules, wild horses and other equine.
  • Equine owners paid over $48 million in salaries to full and part time workers for the care and training of their equine.
  • Equine owners had a total of $1.6 billion in assets related to their equine, including the value of the equine, barns, and equipment.
  • Over 4 million acres in Idaho are devoted to the use and care of equine.
  • On average, households with equine owned five equine.
  • The Idaho Horse Expo is held each April at the Idaho Horse Park in Nampa, ID. The Horse Expo promotes the horse industry and western lifestyle, and is a great attraction for horse enthusiasts and the general public alike.
  • The state horse of Idaho, the Appaloosa, is derived from horses bred by the Nez Perce tribe in North Idaho and Eastern Washington. The breed was revitalized in the 1930s and the Appaloosa Horse Club has registered over 635,000 horses

2005-2006 Survey

Equine-owners in Idaho show an estimated total more than $1.6 billion in assets related to their horses and other equine. Expenditures associated with equine owners totaled $183 million dollars in Idaho in 2005, including $55 million dollars to the agricultural industry for hay, straw and grain, $19 million dollars to the veterinary industry, $13.6 million dollars for farrier expenses and $13.5 million dollars for training.

Horse Census Breed chart

Did you know?…

  • In 2005 there were over 206,000 equine in Idaho.
  • In the year 2005 the Northern region had 21% of all equine, Southwestern region 28%, South-central region 23%, and the Southeastern region had 28%.
  • Primary use of equine in Idaho: 40% Pleasure, 13% Breeding, 12% Farm and Ranch, 11% Packing.
  • Proportion of Horses by Breed: 53.3% American Quarterhorses, 13.9 % Paints, 6.3% Arabian, 5.2% Appaloosa, 4.2% Thoroughbred.
  • Percentage of Different Types of Equine in Idaho: 81% Riding Horses, 5% Ponies, 3% Race Horses, 3 % Mules 2% Donkeys,1% Wild Horses, 1% Draft Horses.
  • The world’s first cloned equine, the mule Idaho Gem, was born at the University of Idaho in 2003.
  • The Appaloosa horse, which is named after the Palouse River in northern Idaho, is the state horse of Idaho.